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Hysteroscopy is a procedure that provides valuable information about the condition of your uterus. Board-certified gynecologists Stephanie Carmichael, MD, and Andrea Johnson, MD, performs hysteroscopies at Total Women’s Health & Wellness Center in Decatur and Lithonia, Georgia. If you think you need a hysteroscopy, call or book an appointment online today.

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Hysteroscopy Q & A


What is a hysteroscopy?

Hysteroscopy is a procedure to diagnose and treat problems of the uterus, such as abnormal uterine bleeding. During this procedure, Dr. Carmichael or Dr. Johnson visually examine the inside of your cervix and uterus with a thin, flexible viewing instrument called a hysteroscope.

The hysteroscope contains a light and telescope-like lens that transmits images of your uterus onto a screen. Dr. Carmichael or Dr. Johnson can pass miniature surgical tools through the hysteroscope to collect a small tissue sample (a biopsy) or perform treatment, such as removing growths.


Why would I need a hysteroscopy?

One of the most common reasons for hysteroscopy is to find the underlying cause of abnormal uterine bleeding. Other reasons Dr. Carmichael or Dr. Johnson perform a hysteroscopy include:

  • To locate and remove a displaced intrauterine device (IUD)

  • To remove noncancerous growths, such as polyps or fibroids

  • To diagnose the cause of infertility

  • To examine and remove scar tissue on the uterus

Hysteroscopy is safe for most women, but you can’t have this procedure done while you’re pregnant.


What should I expect from a hysteroscopy procedure?

Dr. Carmichael or Dr. Johnson performs hysteroscopy while you’re not on your menstrual period so they can get a clear view of your uterus. Before the procedure, they give you sedative to help you relax. Depending on your specific needs, you receive either general or local anesthesia to block pain.

Before starting the hysteroscopy, Dr. Carmichael or Dr. Johnson dilate (open) your cervix. They then insert a speculum into your vagina followed by the hysteroscope. They gently move the hysteroscope through your cervix and into the uterus.

To get a better view of your uterine lining, they expand your uterus with saline fluid or carbon dioxide gas. Then they examine your uterus and perform any necessary treatment.

Barring complications, you should be able to return home after the procedure. Mild cramping and bloody discharge are normal side effects, but you should call Total Women’s Health & Wellness Center right away if you have a fever, chills, or heavy bleeding.

To schedule your hysteroscopy, call Total Women’s Health & Wellness Center or book an appointment online today.

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